The trio were also nominated for the UEFA Men’s Player of the Year award, with Van Dijk coming out on top.
FIFA’s The Best award has been around since 2016 and is a renovation of the FIFA World Player of the Year honour, which had merged with the Ballon d’Or from 2010 to 2015.
Ronaldo claimed the first two The Best awards in 2016 and 2017, but his former Real Madrid teammate Luka Modric is the holder after he helped Los Blancos win a third successive Champions League and he later reached the World Cup final with Croatia.
Van Dijk helped Liverpool win the Champions League in 2019, while Ronaldo and Messi won the league titles in Italy and Spain respectively.
Messi, who was twice a runner-up to Ronaldo for this award, won the European Golden Shoe with 36 goals in La Liga last season.